Tuesday, 31 May 2016

Last post for now

Recharging the batteries

I am going to take my leave of you for a while. I am not leaving town, just taking a rest from blogging for a summer break.

While I am away from the blog I will still be gathering material and taking photographs, so if you have anything you would like to share, be sure to email me.

I'll leave you with a great piece of reading  for a summer's morning...or afternoon.

David Fitzgerald of Tralee was 80 recently.  He had lost his parents at a young age. By the time he was 17 both of his parents had died of T.B. As was customary at the time, all the family papers and records were burned to prevent spread of the disease. David grew up knowing very little of his family history so, for his birthday, his family commissioned Kay Caball of Find My Kerry Ancestors to research his family.
Claire Sparrowhawk, who commissioned the research very kindly allowed Kay to share some of her findings with us in Listowel Connection.

Here is a shortened version.

David Fitzgerald was born in Tralee on 11 April 1936.   He was the son of Edward Fitzgerald and Catherine Neligan.  Their address on the registration of the birth was Lr. Castle St., Tralee.  Edward’s occupation was given as Hotel Waiter.  Catherine registered the birth herself on 9th July 1936.

We know that Edward and Catherine had two children – David and Aileen and that they lived over Hilser’s Jewellers shop on Castle St., (now Billy Nolans).   Edward worked as an Hotel Waiter in Benners Hotel, a few doors away from where they lived.  A Hotel Waiter at that time was a skilled occupation which would have entailed an apprenticeship and Benners was regarded as an up-market hotel.   Very few local Tralee people, with the exception of the professional or large business-owner classes, would have been customers.  We now know that Edward had worked at the prestigious Cork County Club, South Mall Cork prior to this, which would have entailed an apprenticeship and strong credentials for the job in Benners.

Edward Fitzgerald, David’s father was the son of David and Bridget Fitzgerald of Ballyhooley, Co. Cork.  Edward’s father, David, was employed as a Coachman on Lord Listowel’s country estate at Convamore. 

In 1901 at the time of the Census, Edward was one year of age.  He lived with his parents, his younger sister Jane and his grandmother Elizabeth in one of the estate cottages belonging to Lord Listowel in the village of Ballyhooley.  These were good quality cottages, designated 2nd class which was above the usual Irish house of the time. The Fitzgerald’s house was one of fifteen cottages owned by Lord Listowel, they were constructed of stone with slate roofs and had 4 or more rooms.  Lord Listowel’s own house – Convamore was designated a 1st class house.

David Fitgerald had married Bridget Englishby on 6th December 1898.

Census of Ireland 1911  - Fitzgerald Ballyhooly    
By the time of the 1911 Census, David was now 11 and he had two sisters, Jane (10), Lizzie (4) and one brother, John (9) Their parents David & Bridget state that they have been married for 12 years and have had 5 children, all still living.

Catherine Neligan’s Family
Census of Ireland 1901 
Michael Nelighan and Eily Fleming were not married at this time.  They married in 1905
We have no idea what Edward did immediately after leaving school, we know that Convamore was burned down in 1921 when he was 21 years of age but by that time Edward (called Ned) was working in Cork City at the Cork & County Club as a Hotel Waiter.

Edward was active in the Republican movement 1917 – 1922 in Co. No. 1 Brigade.  After the Truce, Edward moved jobs to Tralee, it is believed to stay out of the Civil War which ensued.  In that he was following his Brigade O.C. Major Florence O’Donoghue, an Irish Historian and Head of Intelligence in the Cork No. 1 Brigade of the Irish Republican Army during the war of Independence who remained neutral during the Civil War which broke out on 28 June 1922.

Edward moved to Tralee and married Catherine (Kitty) Neligan in St. John’s Church Tralee on 18th April 1933.  On the Marriage Certificate, Edward declared that his father David’s occupation had been Groom and was deceased.  It is understood that he had in fact died in 1912.  Catherine whose address was Denny St., at that time gave her father’s name as Michael Neligan, Road Steward. 

We know that Mary (Neligan) worked as Head Chef at the Grand Hotel, Denny St., and Catherine (known as Kitty) worked for a Brown family in a bank in Denny St.   The family would have lived fairly comfortably overhead Hilser’s Jeweller’s shop in Castle St. while their father was still working in Benners.  Aileen who was born in the Summer of 1934 and David both attended Moyderwell Infants Schoool and later David went on to the Secondary School at the Green. Edward would appear to have suffered ill-health for the last 6 or 7 years of his life which would have meant hardship for the family.   He would have been treated in the local County Hospital and also in Edenburn Sanitorium for T.B., which was endemic in the Irish population at that time.  Edward died at the early age of 45/46 in the Bon Secours Nursing Home Cork.  

At the time of Edward’s death, his children David was 9 and Aileen was 11.  
Their mother Kitty  died when David was 17.  She died in Listowel Hospital and was buried in Rath New Cemetery with her husband on 2nd September 1953.  

A reference to Edward appears in  accounts of the murder of Gerald Smyth, the man who sparked the mutiny  in Listowel Barracks in 1920. This murder took place in The Cork and County Club, South Mall, Cork.

On 19 June 1920, the assembled RIC men at Listowel barracks hushed as the one armed Lieutenant-Colonel Gerald Bryce Ferguson Smyth, DSO and Bar, French and Belgian Croix de Guerre, strode arrogantly before them, his riding trousers tucked into his polished knee boots, his neatly trimmed mustache elegantly parted as he launched into a blood curdling speech about the savage methods he expected them to implement against their fellow Irishmen:

“Police and military will patrol the country roads at least five nights a week. They are not to confine themselves to the main roads but make across the country, lie in ambush, take cover behind fences near roads, and when civilians are seen approaching shout: 'Hands up!' Should the order be not obeyed, shoot, and shoot with effect. If the persons approaching carry their hands in their pockets or are in any way suspicious looking, shoot them down. You may make mistakes occasionally and innocent persons may be shot, but that cannot be helped and you are bound to get the right persons sometimes. The more you shoot the better I will like you; and I assure you that no policeman will get into trouble for shooting any man and I will guarantee that your names will not be given at the inquest.”

When he was finished his tirade many of RIC men present who had themselves been active in repressing the Sinn Féin revolt since 1918 who were already ashamed of the duties they had been asked to perform in the name of the King finally had enough. Constable Jeremiah Mee rose and spoke on their behalf:
By your accent I take it you are an Englishman and in your ignorance forget that you are addressing Irishmen

He took off his cap, belt and bayonet and lay them on the table as Smyth's cheeks turned purple with anger.

These, too, are English. Take them as a present from me and to hell with you - you are a murderer!

Constable Jeremiah Mee who led the mutiny of RIC officers. Mee and 13 others resigned on the spot and walked out to immediately join the IRA to fight for Irish freedom. Smyth roared at their fellow RIC comrades to arrest them but his commands were ignored.
Gaughan J. Anthony, Memoirs of Constable Jeremiah Mee, (Anvil Tralee 1975)

A month later on 17th July 1920, as Smyth was relaxing in the smoking room of the Cork &
County Club six armed IRA men burst inside led by Dan "Sandow" O'Donovan.

"Colonel, were not your orders to shoot on sight? Well, you are in sight now, so prepare."

Smyth leaped to his feet as the IRA opened fire and riddled him with a hail of bullets. Smyth managed to reach the passage before collapsing to the floor and dying in a pool of his own blood. His burial in Banbridge, Co. Antrim, 3 days later was followed by sectarian riots and a pogrom against Catholics who were burned out of their homes by Protestant mobs.

Grief stricken and driven to avenge his brother, Major George Osbert Sterling Smyth DSO, MC travelled from India to Ireland. He became an military intelligence agent with the Cairo gang and was killed the following October when the unit raided the home of Professor Carolan in Drumcondra where the famous IRA fugitives, Sean Treacy and Dan Breen who had fired the first shots of the Irish War of Independence at Soloheadbeg, Co. Tipperary were asleep in bed. After a furious gun battle both Treacy and Breen escaped badly wounded. Both Smyth and Captain Alfred Pelli White were wounded and died of their wounds while Carolan was also killed.
Last edited by Hitch 22; 17th July 2012 at 11:10 PM.
Because of the content of this speech, Sean O'Hegarty, Acting Commander of Cork No. 1 Brigade, decided to have Smyth eliminated. The County Club in Cork was frequented by high-ranking military officers and people loyal to the Government. The staff were also considered to be loyalists and so the IRA found it very difficult to obtain information about the club and those who visited it. However, the position changed when Sean Culhane, Intelligence Officer of B Company of the IRA's First Cork Battalion made contact with a waiter at the club, Ned Fitzgerald, who supplied information regarding Smyth and so the IRA were able to mount their attack

Remembrances of Cork City & County Club

....Back in Co Cork, the uncle and aunt belonged to the Cork and County Club on South Mall. Every Thursday, we would lunch in the ladies’ dining room. Though men could use the ladies’ part of the club, no woman was allowed to enter into the male precincts in the front of the club. Our door was in a back lane otherwise used for dustbins. The ladies’ lobby was paneled with varnished pitch pine and there was uneven terrazzo on the floor. On the gentlemen’s side there may have been merry laughter and riotous behaviour, but it was not like that on the ladies’ side. The windows were frosted glass and the dining room walls decorated with pictures of heaving seascapes. The few scattered couples would acknowledge our presence with a discreet nod and then continue murmuring to each other in low voices over their cutlets.

After she had finished her messages, the aunt, my brother and I had tea in the ladies’ drawing room where we read Vogue and the Sphere in front of a fire. The only lively moment was if one of the members had taken the aunt’s parcels home by mistake.

The Cork and County Club, opened in 1829 in a building designed by the Paine brothers. It had originally been The County Club, until it united with Cork Club. But they may have regretted this, as at the end of the 19th century, a committee member from the city accused another member of cheating at cards – poker to be precise. The fact that the accuser, Richard Piggot Beamish, owner of the well-known brewery, did not play cards and had not witnessed the game and that the accused, Joseph Pike was a longstanding friend and neighbour, did not deter him from reading out the hearsay evidence at a meeting of the committee.

Joseph Pike, the chairman of the Cork Steamship company, sued for libel. Beamish pleaded, that as senior committee member of the club, he had to conduct an investigation. The jury generously returned a verdict for both plaintiff and defendant! They said the plaintiff did not cheat, but that the defendant did not mean any harm when he accused him of it. Though Pike’s reputation remained unblemished, it was perhaps rather odd that his mama should have presented the judge in the case with a handsome residence in Douglas shortly after the verdict.

A very much more serious event happened on the night of the July 17th, 1920 when masked men pushed passed the doorman, ran into the smoking room, where they fired several shots at Col Gerald Smyth who sitting down with four other men. He leapt to his feet and got as far as the hallway before dropping dead.

Col Smyth was a much decorated officer during the 1914-18 war when he had been six times seriously wounded and lost his left arm while rescuing an injured NCO. Earlier in the year, he had been made the RIC divisional commissioner for Munster and as such, a month before in Listowel, he had made a speech in which he is quoted as having incited the members of the RIC to take reprisals on the local populace. Later he denied this, saying he had been misquoted in the Freeman’s Journal. 

Such was the unpopularity of Gerald Smyth that only half the number of jurors needed for the inquest could be persuaded to attend and no engine driver would bring a train with his body back to his home in Banbridge.

In Banbridge, after his funeral, there was a furious reaction; £40,000 worth of damage was done to Catholic buildings in the town by rioters and Catholics could not be employed in the factories unless they signed a document to say that they would not support Sinn Féin.

The Cork and County Club closed in 1989 – I never did see the gentlemen’s part of the club. Oh how I wish I had made a stand for women’s lib by pushing through the green baize door to see the delights and comforts beyond.
Melosina Lenox-Conyngham died on October 1st, 2011


Millenium Arch Rebuilding

This is how the arch used to look after it was demolished by a storm in 2014. Now, May 2016 reconstruction is under way.

This is the scene at Bridge Road on May 25 2016.


"Lies, damned Lies and Statistics"

One of the fascinating aspects of blogging is the tool that analyises reader statistics. These days Listowel Connection gets between 300 and 600 views each day.

Not only can I see how many people are checking in but I can see where in the world they are located.  It is a constant source of wonder to me that more people check in from France and Germany than from the U.K. Obviously Ireland is the location for most page views and not surprisingly U.S is a close second. One day last month 200 people checked in from Russia! The post was May 10  2016 and the title was Battle in The Square.

Another thing I can find out and this throws up the most surprising statistic of all. On one occasion in January 2012  I made a big booboo and I captioned a photograph of my former colleagues in Presentation Secondary School, Listowel as 1978 when, in fact, it was 1988. Feeling very contrite and anxious not to offend my friends I wrote a very short post correcting the error. The title I gave this post was "What's a decade between friends?" This post, believe it or not, has, over time, gained twice as many views as the next most popular post of all time.

Monday, 30 May 2016

Blue Box Appeal, Local Author, Gerard Mulvihill, a Fleadh success in 1997 and an enquiry into Agrarian Outrage in North Kerry

Garden of Europe May 2016


The Big Blue Box Appeal

The Blue Box Appeal is a fundraising initiative undertaken by Bank of Ireland in conjunction with The Society of Saint Vincent de Paul. On Monday last, May 23 2016 the appeal came to town. The idea is that a team of cyclists take the blue box from town to town. The cyclists are volunteers. In each town as the box lingers a while a big fundraising effort is put in. In Listowel the cyclists were met by the Convent School Band. When they reached the Square, Jimmy Hannon and his band had another show in full swing. There was a barbecue, Woody and Mickey and Minnie were in attendance and all the schools brought their pupils to enjoy a great morning. Meanwhile around the town, St. Vincent de Paul volunteers were holding a flag day.


Play the Cards  You are Dealt

This book by local author, Gerard Mulvihill will be launched at Writers Week 2016


Fleadh Time Again

Hard to believe its 19 years ago. This photo was originally shared on Facebook by Elizabeth Brosnan.


The Fitzmaurice land Murder: The Parnell Commission on Crime

A friend of Listowel connection  who has read a lot about this incident  writes;

I have read a lot on the Kerry 'outrages' and am quite taken aback at the cruelty,  viciousness and  brutality that seemed 'normal' among the moonlighters when 'dealing' with ordinary people of their own sort and station in life.  I hasten to say that this did not solely apply to Kerry-  the same can be said about  all other counties where unrestrained violence became the 'local law.'

The fear of the workhouse - and the moonlighter- made people callous and craven; but it would be almost  impossible to  blame them in the cirsumstances.
It is very easy to raise the devil- it is another thing entirely to put him back where he came from!"

The above message was accompanied by this  extract from an account of the Parnell Commission's Enquiry into the Fitzmaurice murder. Nora Fitzmaurice, the victim's daughter was with him when he was shot. She gave sworn evidence to the enquiry.


He would now call attention to the case of James Fitzmaurice, 60 years of age, whose murder was one of the most brutal character. He was killed on the 31st of January, 1880; but for two or two and a half years his life had been made a misery to him. His murder was directly traceable to the Lixnaw Branch of the Land League. It might be said that the Land League was suppressed three weeks before his murder, and, therefore, the organisation could have had nothing to do with it; but he should be able to show that it had. In 1887 Fitzmaurice helped Mr. Hussey, a landlord's agent, over a ditch. That was his offence, and the local branch of the Land League then issued the following resolution, which was given in the Kerry Weekly Reporter: - "That as James Fitzmaurice has acted the part of special constable to S.N. Hussey on the 14th inst., we consider his neighbours should hold no further intercourse with him."
That was in June, 1887. On the 31st of January, 1880, Fitzmaurice was shot while driving with his daughter in the morning. There were several persons who then passed them on the road, but they dared not go to the assistance of the dying man and his daughter. The men charged with that murder were defended by the National League funds. He (the learned counsel) supposed it was to see that they got a fair trial.


Norah Fitzmaurice was the next witness. She is a tall good looking young woman, and gave her evidence very clearly. She stated that her father, Jas. Fitzmaurice, lived in the parish of Lixnaw, in the county Kerry, with her uncle Edmond, the two holding a farm of sixty-six acres. Both were ultimately evicted for non-payment of rent, and were put back as caretakers. Prior to the eviction, a dispute had arisen between her father and uncle, as the latter was not willing to pay his portion of the rent, and it was in consequence of this that the eviction took place. In March, 1887, her father was made tenant of the entire farm, and her uncle left and went to live at the next farm.


Shortly after that the servant of the secretary of the local branch of the National League, Thomas Doolan, brought a letter to her father, which asked him to attend a meeting of the National League on the succeeding Sunday. This, however, he did not do, and subsequently she saw notices in the Kerry Sentinel and the Kerry Weekly Reporter with reference to her father.
Here a discussion arose as to the admissibility of notices in the latter paper, inasmuch as no one connected with that paper was mentioned in the charges and allegations.
Sir Henry James submitted that it was admissible on the ground that it was a record of events commonly known in a locality.
Sir C. Russell observed that it seemed to him the actual object of the inquiry, viz., the inquiring into charges and allegations, had been lost sight of. He submitted that it was not admissible, on the ground that the paper was not connected with specifically mentioned persons.
Mr. Asquith emphasised Sir Charles's argument, after which,
The President decided that the evidence was not admissible.
Miss Fitzmaurice's evidence was, consequently, proceeded with on other lines. She said that shortly after her father took the farm on his own hands, Doolan, with other men, visited the farm, and walked around the house, staying there about two hours.
Mr. Atkinson here read from the Kerry Sentinel a report of a National League meeting, at which Mr. Fitzmaurice was condemned for taking his brother's farm.


Continuing her evidence, Miss Fitzmaurice said that in January, 1888, she left her house at about four o'clock with her father for Listowel Fair. They were accompanied some distance by a police escort. Shortly after the escort left them a man passed them and returned with another man. They then fired at her father, and he was killed. Two men named Hayes and Moriarty were hanged for the murder.


After her father had been shot, several neighbours passed in their carts. One stopped and said, "He's not dead yet," and passed on; while others refused to assist her at all.


After the conviction of the two men Hayes and Moriarty the people refused to speak to her. When she attended the parish church the people got up and left the building, the man Thomas Doolan leading the way; and those who did worship in the same church would not kneel where she knelt. Norah Fitzmaurice went on to say that she was still living in her father's house, with her sister and mother, and they were still under police protection.


In course of cross-examination by Sir Charles Russell, Norah Fitzmaurice declared that there was a dispute about the bog-land near her father's farm, but she could not say it was because the landlord, Mr. Hussey, was trying to close a road that the public had used for a long time. When her uncle was evicted, he went to live with a Mr. Costelloe, also a tenant under Mr. Hussey, who, she heard, was very much annoyed in consequence. She admitted that there was "very bad blood" between her father and uncle.
Is it not a fact that Hayes, one of the men convicted of your father's murder, tried to break up the League at Tralee? - No, sir.
Did you know that either one of the two was a member of the League? - No. She added that Thomas Quilter, who had been brought over to London as a witness, and died here, was her cousin, and was the assistant secretary of the local branch of the League.


Articles published in the Kerry Sentinel and United Ireland, condemning the murder and outrages in Kerry generally, were at this juncture read. Then Sir Henry James re-examined Miss Fitzmaurice, obtaining merely the additional statement that articles had appeared in the Kerry Sentinel relating specifically to her father.
Miss Fitzmaurice left the box, and Michael Harris entered. His evidence was directed to representing the hostility of the people towards the Fitzmaurices after the murder. "Referring to the fact that Doolan left the chapel when Miss Fitzmaurice entered, he said he believed that was simply because Miss Fitzmaurice was there. Doolan was afterwards sent to jail for intimidating Miss Fitzmaurice.
The Court here adjourned for luncheon.


On resuming, after luncheon, Sir Henry James put in a copy of the Kerry Sentinel, containing a report of the proceedings of the trial of Doolan for the intimidation of Norah Fitzmaurice. He said his object was to show that there was no condemnation of the outrage and boycotting.
Head-constable Irwin was then re-called. He said that on the 18th of August, 1880, Quilter made a statement to him. Witness then read a portion of the statement from his note-book.
He was interrupted by Sir Charles Russell, who, addressing the Court, contended that the statement was not evidence, as it had not been made by Quilter as an official of the League.
The President upheld that view.”